Houston Texas History
This article documents the extensive history of the city of Houston, Texas, USA. Houston is located in southeast Texas on the Gulf of Mexico and has developed into the second largest city in the USA with an estimated population of 2.303 million. Houston is home to the Houston Convention Center, the Texas Museum of Natural History and the University of Texas at Houston. According to a report by the Texas Department of Health, the total area of Greater Houston (also known as Greater Houston), which includes the cities of Austin, Dallas-Fort Worth, San Antonio and Houston, amounted to 6,656,947 in 2010.
In 1853, a railway line was built in Houston, and Houston was given access to the railroad at the foot of the Brazo. The Houston Railroad employed 1,100 workers in its first year of operation, with an annual capacity of 2,000.
Houston was a member of the Texas Army during the Civil War and served in the Army during the Vietnam War. The Republic of Texas was founded, Houston was its first president. When Camp Travis merged with Fort Sam Houston, the 2nd Division led the post and became known as Fort "Sam Houston's Own. It was the name given to General Samson Houston, who was the successful Battle of San Jacinto and is the new president of the Republic of Texas.
On January 19, 1839, it was confirmed by the Texas Congress and the place was renamed Austin in honor of Stephen F. Austin.
The Allen brothers named their city after Sam Houston and convinced the Texas Congress to designate it as the temporary capital of the new Republic of Texas (see CAPITALS). Houston was not advertised as the capital of Texas because it was a swampy place, but it was funny enough that in April 1837 in Colombia, a new Texas Congress moved from Colombia to the muddy area. Lamar, who succeeded Sam Houston as Texas president, moved the capital to Austin in 1839. Houston was the capital of the Republic until 1841, when it returned to its original location.
But Austin residents feared Austin would lose its status as capital permanently if the papers were moved, so officials moved to Washington via the Brazos in September. Houston sent a man to Austin to fetch the archives, but in what became known as the "archive war," the citizens of Austin stopped Houston's man and returned them to Austin. In September 1841, after a dispute over the location of the Texas State Archives in Washington, Texas, Houston sent another man to Austin, this time to fetch the archives.
After the rebellion suffered a devastating blow against the Alamo in early 1836, Houston was unable to reverse the fate of his army. Fortunately for the rebellious Texans, he managed to evade capture and eventually led a successful attack on the US Army headquarters in San Antonio, Texas. Houston retaliated by getting top Texas troops to kill more than six hundred Mexican soldiers and seize the US Army headquarters and Texas State Archives in Austin.
By the turn of the 20th century, Houston was no longer the large metropolitan area it is today; indeed, the population center on the Gulf Coast was Galveston. Houston also continued to grow, becoming the fourth largest city in the United States, along with other industries.
The first settlement in the area, Harrisburg (1826), was destroyed in April 1836, the second in May 1837. When Mexico threatened Texas again, President Sam Houston ordered the government to move to Houston. Mexican troops threatened San Antonio in March 1842, and he moved the capital to Houston when they threatened it again.
Houston continued the first State Fair, which began in 1870 and lasted until 1878. Houston's name is still ubiquitous and is written on every street, from street signs to signs at the Texas State Capitol and even in the city's public schools.
The Houston Symphony Orchestra was founded in 1913, and the Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo moved to their current location at Texas State Fairgrounds, while a new football and rodeo stadium was built. Houston became the home of the new NFL franchise, the Oilers, who moved to Tennessee in 1997, were replaced by the Houston Texans in 2002. The Houston Dynamo football team was founded in 2005 as the city's first professional sports team since World War II.
The city was founded in 1986 on land bought by the Allen brothers and named after Sam Houston, then the elected president of the Republic of Texas. This partnership enabled Houston to surpass San Antonio's population in the 1930s and become the second largest city in Texas with more than 1.5 million residents. The development of land around the Texas State Fairgrounds and the Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo Center has long been an important area for the city of Houston.